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32nd International Union of Radio Science General Assembly & Scientific Symposium * Montreal, Canada * 19-27 August 2017 Home Page

Program
Scientific Program - Commission C

Commission C Chair: Prof. Sana Salous; sana.salous@durham.ac.uk

Commission C - Tutorial

Sana Salous - "5G Radio Channel Models to Standardization"

Convener: Amir Zaghloul

5G radio systems will use higher frequency bands to enable high data rate applications. This tutorial will cover various aspects of 5G radio systems including deployment scenarios, propagation issues and standardization.

Commission C - "Sub-Nyquist Sampling for Green Radio"

Convener: Yves Louet, Sumit Darak

Radio frequency (RF) allows modulation of narrow band signals with a high carrier frequency. In some cases, signals can be sparse as they are composed of a small number of narrow band transmissions spread across a wide spectral band. However, current wireless applications put severe requirements and constraints on spectrum and energy efficiency. To meet these objectives, analog to digital converter (ADC) design and associated signal processing has received a lot of attention in the past few years. This led to sub-Nyquist sampling of wideband signals so as to minimize energy and complexity. This session aims to cover all work related to sub-Nyquist sampling. It includes ADC architectures, signal processing (including non uniform sampling but not limited to reconstruction) and applications (cognitive radio, 5G mobile communications, radio-astronomy etc).

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Commission C - "Communications for the Smart Grid"

Convener: Jacques Palicot, Kostas Berberidis

The electrical grid will become a smart system. Introducing smartness is all about increasing communications between local entities in order to coordinate all the elements of the global system. Indeed, it is mandatory to refer to communications when we talk about the Smart Grid. The data volume exchanged by the different actors is such that it would be impossible to transport the data without a reliable and distributed communication system. The final communication architecture for the Smart Grid has not yet been really decided even if a particular model is often mentioned. It comprises : Home Area Network (HAN) that communicates with various smart devices such as smart meters in order to provide information to the customers. Neighborhood Area Network (NAN) that connects multiple HANs networks via HAN gateway to a single NAN gateway. NAN gateways make the links between transmission and distribution networks; Wide Area Network (WAN) that provides communication links between the NANs and utilities. The WAN makes the link between the data center or control center and the transmission network. The communication technologies will be different according to the area network HAN, NAN and WAN and researchers from the Smart Grid community argue on which technology has to be used in those networks. But a point on which they almost all agree is: instead of making huge research on creating one single technology/standard to achieve the communication in the Smart Grid, to create standards that will bring interoperability between existing technologies. From this point of view Cognitive radio could be an efficient way to transport the data without overloading the frequency spectrum and to offer this interoperability. This session will discuss the communication problem of smart grid and the different possibilities to solve this problem.

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Commission C - "Application of Machine Learning in Radio Communications"

Convener: Ruisi He, Qingyong Li, Wei Fan

Machine learning was introduced in the late 1950's as a technique for artificial intelligence. It explores the study and construction of algorithms that can learn from and make predictions on data. In recent years, modern communications networks of 4G and 5G have been seen as big, evolving distributed databases full of context and information. Machine learning techniques have been thus used extensively for a wide range of tasks including clustering, classification, sensing, regression, and density estimation in a variety of application areas such as cognitive radio, compressed sensing, traffic analysis, routing, big data, cloud communications, social networking, green communications, spectrum sensing, wireless access techniques, radio resource management, and radio channel modeling. The algorithms and techniques used come from many diverse fields including statistics, mathematics, neuroscience, and computer science. The focus of this session is to showcase a unified vision for the application of machine learning in radio communications, including all technologies above and other relevant aspects.

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Commission C - "Wireless Communications for the Future Transportation Systems"

Convener: Bo Ai, David W. Matolak, Ruisi He

Future transportation systems (FTSs) are advanced applications which aim to provide innovative services relating to different modes of transport and enable various users to be better informed and make safer. Compared with the Intelligent Transportation Systems which are mainly defined in the field of road transport, FTS will refer to all modes of transport such as railway, road, air, water, and space, and the field is divided into infrastructure, vehicles and operations. Recent advances in FTS have led to requirements for improvements and enhancements to systems used for radio communications. The focus of this session is to showcase a unified vision for the FTS including all modes of transport, with an emphasis on radio communications and other relevant aspects.

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Commission C - "Ultra-High Bit Rate Radio Communications Engineering at Tera Hertz"

Convener: C. Balocco, A. Gallant

The increasing rate at which today's society creates and consumes information must be accompanied by higher data-rates in wireless technologies to be sustainable. Physical-layer solutions operating in the THz region of the electromagnetic spectrum (0.1 - 10 THz) are envisioned as the key to future wireless systems with terabit-per-second (Tbps) capacity. This session will focus on recent advances in the electronic, plasmonic and electromagnetic devices which underpin the operation of communication systems at THz frequencies.

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Commission C - "Application of Radio Propagation Research Results in Radio System and Signal Design"

Convener: Robert Bultitude, Yves Lostanlen, Edward S. Rogers Sr.

This session has the objective of providing a forum for the presentation and discussion of research involving the direct application of radio propagation research results in the work done by members of Commission C. More specifically, papers are invited that describe the direct use of propagation measurements, electromagnetic simulations, theoretical electromagnetics, methods for the analysis of radio measurements, or the verification by measurements and electromagnetic theory of models and assumptions, for application in systems and signal design. Emerging wireless applications and technologies will require new or enhanced radio propagation characterizations and modeling to be efficiently designed and operated (millimeter waves, aggregated frequency bands and spectrum database, high altitude platforms to serve terrestrial communications, indoor and outdoor dense multipath environments). It is envisaged that a generic model for papers in the session would include a description of the objectives, of the propagation research, the methodology for employing the results thereof, and results and conclusions from subsequent research on systems and signal design based upon the reported radio propagation research.

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Commission C - "Enabling Technologies for Smart Cities"

Convener: Shengrong Bu, Richard Yu, Hongjian Sun

Cities are growing at an unrivalled pace. Currently about 50% of the world's population lives in an urban environment, and this number is expected to be up to 70% by 2050. This dense population creates new challenges for both people and governments. "Smarter" solutions are needed to meet the increasing strain on urban environments, and there is a great need for sustainable strategies for city development. However, the problems of the urban environment and complex and their solutions must bring together many disciplines. Advances in information and communication technology, including mobile crowdsourcing, internet of things, big data analytics tools and cloud services, have the potential to act as enabling technologies to make cities smart. These technologies can help streamline the delivery of a city's core services, including health care, transit, utilities, and environmental management. Fundamental research on the combination of these technologies and their application to the smart city must be undertaken to meet these challenges. This track aims to facilitate these research efforts and enhance international collaboration by disseminating cutting-edge research results. Participants will be able to share perspectives and novel research findings, and further identify new directions in the emerging research areas of smart cities.

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Commission C - "Quantum Communications and Networks"

Convener: Grace D. Metcalfe and Amir I. Zaghloul

The impact of quantum mechanics in the "first quantum revolution" is pervasive and profound, laying the foundation for modern electronics as well as breakthroughs in devices such as lasers and MRI imagers. The current "second quantum revolution" relies upon the manipulation of quantum superposition and entanglement for the development of advanced technologies such as quantum secure communications systems. This Special Session will focus on such quantum technologies for communications capabilities beyond what is classically possible. Topics will include entangled networks for data transmission, secure quantum communications protocols, quantum radar, quantum imaging and signal processing.

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Commission C - "Spectrum Sharing, Issues, Co-Existence, and Interference"

Convener: Jeff Reed, Anthony Martone

Crowded spectrum in the unlicensed bands creates a number of issues that have to be resolved. LTE, wireless and radar users compete for the assigned bands with the consequence of interference and timing limitations. The session will address co-existence and interference between the different users and their effects on the quality of service.

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Commission C - "Compressive Sensing and its Applications in Detection and Tracking of Objects in Motion"

Convener: Ozlem Kilic and Aly Fathy

Compressive Sensing can significantly reduce the data acquisition time in detection and tracking of moving objects. The session will address both hardware development and theoretical approaches for these applications of compressive sensing.

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Commission C - "5G Small Cell Networks"

Convener: Jie Zhang, Andres Glazunov, Xiaoli Chu

With rapidly growing usage of smart phones and tablets, mobile operators have experienced tremendous data traffic increase in the last few years. It is predicted that this trend will continue at least until 2020 with a CAGR of 60-100%. Hence, the traffic (mostly data) carried by a mobile operator's network in 2020 could be over 1000 times of that in 2010. This exponential traffic growth presents a huge challenge to the mobile industry. On top of meeting this traffic increase, operators have obligations to cut energy consumptions, which normally compromise spectrum efficiency in macrocell scenarios. Dense small cell deployment is one of the most promising ways to meet the exponential traffic growth. In this session, we will solicit contributions from both academia and industry to discuss the challenging issues arising from dense small cell deployment, including but are not limited to:

  • mmWave channel modelling for typical small cell deployment scenarios;
  • massive MIMO mmWave antennas for small cells;
  • interference management in small cell/HetNets;
  • SON for small cell networks;
  • small cell backhaul;
  • green small cell networks;
  • joint indoor-outdoor small cell deployment;
  • device-to-device communications;
  • pCell;
  • LTE-LAA/WiFi co-existence.

The session will encourage industry and academia interactions, and will be very attractive for network operators, telecom vendors and research institutions.

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Commission C - "Radio Signal Processing and Radar Systems"

Convener: Daiyin Zhu, Shilong Pan, Qihui Wu

Recent advances in technology have led to the development of Commercial Off-The-Shelf (COTS) sensing devices capable of providing high performances in terms of both energy-efficiency and measurement precision. Such techniques have possible applications in target monitoring, air and coastal surveillance, target localization, and radio navigation. This Special Session will focus on innovative radio signal processing techniques (radar, target detection, target tracking, radio localization, and radio navigation) and systems in the face of new and challenging operating scenarios that naturally arise from modern technological advances. Topics will include advanced techniques for radar systems, target detection, target tracking, radar imaging, radio localization, and radio navigation.

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Commission C - "Massive MIMO"

Convener: Ian Glover

This session is open to papers addressing any aspect of massive MIMO technology including, but not limited to, its use for increased data rate, improved reliability, enhanced signal-to-interference ratio and improved energy or spectral efficiency. Application may be to existing, emerging or entirely new services. Papers may treat any area of massive MIMO theory and practice including fundamental principles, channel modelling and measurements, theoretical and practical limitations, signal processing algorithms, complexity and economic considerations and hardware implementations.

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Commission C - "Open Session"

Convener: Sana Salous, Amir Zaghloul

This session will accept any papers falling within the terms of reference of Commission C and not covered elsewhere.

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Commission SCS - "Channel Measurements, Characterization and Verification through Electromagnetic Metrology and Measurement Post Processing"

Convener: Jeanne Quimby, Sana Salous

The session will address development and refinement of channel measurements, characterization and verification through new and refined measurement techniques and calibrations; physical or statistical representation of the propagation channel; comparison of channel sounder systems to vector network analyzers, multiple channel sounders or standards; and measurement post processing for channel verification through new and novel techniques.

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Commissions CB - "5G Communication Systems"

Convener: Ozlem Kilic and, Amir I. Zaghloul

With the need for high bandwidth and data rate along with uninterrupted connectivity, 5G systems will heavily rely on adaptive antennas both at user end and stations. Ability to utilize other users who may be idle as relays is one of the many approaches to optimally utilize the system. The session includes papers on communication and network systems, as well as antennas and propagation perspectives.

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Commissions CDB - "Exploitation of Non-Linearities for Passive Wireless Sensors"

Convener: Yvan Duroc, Ville Viikari, Ke Wu

With the increasing interest of the concepts of Smart Cities, Smart Buildings and the Internet of Things, one of major challenges is the sensor nodes power management in order to provide autonomy to the large amount of devices. Energy harvesting solutions, wireless power transmission techniques, RFID tags, harmonic transponders, intermodulation sensors, and etc. offer solutions based on nonlinear components. The nonlinearity is beneficially used for rectification, harmonic generation and (inter)modulation. This session focuses on the exploitation of nonlinearities in the context of passive wireless sensors. The expected contributions cover all aspects from optimization of energy sources to new passive approaches to transfer data.

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Commissions DBC - "Wireless Power Transmission"

Convener: Apostolos Georgiadis, Naoki Shinohara

Wireless power transmission is finding wide application in powering devices from low power wireless sensor network nodes to larger appliances such as computers, mobile phones and even vehicles. This session highlights new applications addressing different charging requirements and operating frequency, as well as circuital and system challenges in improving the performance of such systems, such as increasing efficiency, operating range and sensitivity to misalignments or variations in load and power.

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Commissions DC - "Optical Telecommunications"

Convener: Asghari, Azana

The future of telecommunications, switching networks and information processing platforms, with ever-increasing speed and bandwidth requirements, demands the development of innovative, higher performance approaches for high-speed signal processing units. Photonic solutions are among the most promising and widely studied candidates for this severe problem; these solutions are capable of operation on signals at THz speeds and above, well beyond the reach of their electronic counterparts. Trending photonic technologies that drive the needed innovation in optical telecommunications include ultrafast optical signal measurement, low-noise and noiseless optical amplification, ultrafast optical signal processing, optical waveform generation, and microwave photonics. This session focuses on recent advances in these technologies and their application to optical telecommunications.

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Commissions ECJ - "Spectrum Management"

Convener: J. Pedro , A. Tipaldy, A. Shukla, H. Liszt

The focus of this session on spectrum management and spectrum utilization is of high interest to the community. We expect to give a short report of the related WG06 activities during the last period, along with our views on spectrum management, and on hot topics of today. International and local Chinese contributors will be invited such that first-hand reports on controversial spectrum management issues will be presented.

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Commissions FC - "Multi-Parameter Radars and Wave Propagation for Remote Sensing and Disaster Management"

Convener: Tullio Tanzi, Madhu Chandra, Eric Mokole

Radio Science, including wave propagation, plays a central role in shaping the evolution of radar remote sensing in the context of disaster management. In the field of multi-parameter radars methods we are witnessing advances in polarimetry, application of smart and reconfigurable digital beam forming antennas, ever increasing bandwidths, and the application of waveform diversity. In terms of systems, we are seeing the rapid development of compact radar systems that can be mounted on autonomous drones and UAVs. In particular, drone mounted ground-penetrating radar systems capable of detecting victims buried in debris are sought. The requirements of humanitarian surveillance and disaster management applications are posing new challenges on the detection of objects and features mingled within diverse clutter signals e.g. forests, debris and buildings. This session welcomes contributions in this interdisciplinary and trans-disciplinary session on multi-parameter radar and disaster management.

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Commissions KC - "EM Human Exposure and Future 5G and LPWA Networks"

Convener: Benoit Derat, Long Lee

Mobile communications sector is one of the strongest growing markets in the world. This growth is not expected to slow down with the proliferation of laptops, tablets, wearables and the variety of applications being supported by 5G communications, the Internet of Things (IoT) and Low Power Wide Area Networks (LPWA). Innovative technologies will allow the future networks to exceed the existing limitations in bandwidth, data rate and enable new applications and usages. Novel technologies and usages result in new challenges in assessing electromagnetic (EM) human exposure. The evaluation of EM exposure is discussed for conditions which involve frequencies higher than 6 GHz and up to several tens of GHz, uplink MIMO and beamforming or innovative devices or device usages. The resulting research and development for new phantoms, measurement techniques or numerical modeling approaches are central topics of this session.